Having an oily skin type means your pores produce excess oil, especially on your face. Regardless of your skin type, sebaceous glands in your skin produce oil to moisturize your skin naturally. These glands sit underneath your pores and produce an oily matter, also referred to as sebum. Because of increased sebum production, people with oily skin tend to have a shiny appearance and are usually prone to acne and blackheads.
The causes of oily skin vary, from medications and genetics to hormones and overcleansing. Whatever the cause, the outcome is greasy, shiny-looking skin. While there are no easy cures, there are prevention techniques you can try if you are one of the millions of people who want to help get rid of your oily skin.
Greasy skin occurs when your sebaceous glands produce more oil than your skin needs to stay healthy and hydrated. If you experience any of the below symptoms, you likely have an oily skin type:
- The skin on your face has a shiny appearance.
- Your skin feels or appears greasy, often by late morning or early afternoon.
- You have large pores, especially on your nose.
- The skin on your face has a rough texture.
- Your makeup does not stay on very long and you have to reapply throughout the day.
- You have acne-prone skin and often get breakouts, pimples, and blackheads.
While the causes of oily skin depend on various factors such as your gender and your skincare routine, there are some general underlying causes of greasy skin:
- Large Pores
- Certain Medications
- Overwashing Skin
The quality of your skincare routine has a lot to do with the condition of your skin. Adding a few changes to your daily routine can help keep hyperactive oil glands in check.
- Wash your face with a cleanser with salicylic acid once in the morning and once at night. Overwashing your skin can actually cause your skin to produce more oil, so stick to twice a day.
- Use a Witch Hazel toner one to three times a day after cleansing to refine pores and prevent acne breakouts.
- Rubbing your face dry after cleansing can aggravate your skin. Instead, gently pat your face dry with a towel or washcloth.
- Blotting papers or cleansing cloths are a good option if you experience greasy skin while you are at work or school. Keep cleansing cloths in your purse or backpack and use them as needed when out and about.
- To remove dead skin cells and debris from your face, use a gentle exfoliant once or twice a week.
- Once a week, use a facial mask with clay or charcoal to deep clean your pores and help absorb excess oil.
- If you have blackheads, use a pore strip once a week to unclog your pores instead of squeezing and picking at your skin.
- Wear non-comedogenic makeup. Wearing heavy creams and foundations can clog your pores and cause breakouts. Keep your makeup light and avoid formulas that feel heavy or sticky.
Oily skin can be caused by many different factors, so there is no cure-all technique for getting rid of oily skin permanently. However, there are simple things you can do to help keep your oily skin under control.
- First, the best prevention is to find a skincare routine for oily skin that works for you and stick to it. Consistency is key when it comes to managing oily skin. Cleansing, toning, and moisturizing your skin with oil-free, hypoallergenic products are key to maintaining healthy skin with a shine-free appearance.
- If you are tempted to hide your oily skin under tons of foundation and concealer, try non-comedogenic makeup or go makeup-free once in a while to give your pores a break.
- The ingredients in your makeup and skincare products can have a big impact on your skin's quality and condition. For effective acne prevention, look for skincare products with salicylic acid, a skincare ingredient proven to help control and prevent blemishes.
- When it comes to the health of your skin, what you put in your body is just as important as what you put on your face. Staying hydrated, getting proper sleep, and eating a balanced diet can make a big difference in the appearance of your skin.
- If your oily skin refuses to go away, talk to your dermatologist about other available options. They may recommend certain medications or treatments to help your oily skin.